Walker chased by Votto, Martin on Canadian batting leader list

By: Neil Munro

Canadian Baseball Network

As April 1st nears (opening day for the 2016 season) it is an opportune time to look back at the best career performances for Canadian ball players and make some prognostications about the progress active players might be expected to make in moving up the charts of the career leaders.

The following tables delineate the top 15 career performances in the significant batting categories, and the top 10 for the minor categories which are not usually summarized. The following statistics include all of the totals accumulated by Canadian-born major leaguers from 1876 through the 2015 season, and include several players who were not born in Canada, but who were Canadian citizens or lived in our country for long periods of time.

In the last 140 years, we have witnessed modest or even stellar batting performances by a great many Canadians resulting in the fact that several productive seasons are needed before younger batting stars even make appearances on any of the following lists.

Three current star performers – Justin Morneau, Joey Votto and Russell Martin – have accumulated enough playing time over the last decade that they are getting ever nearer to the top of several batting categories. One of more of these ball players is sure to overtake Larry Walker (the current leading performer in almost every significant category) in one or more batting statistic category in the next few seasons.

Indeed, Morneau currently stands second behind Walker in several significant statistical categories, including at bats, hits, doubles, RBI and total bases. Votto and Martin are now well into the top 10 in many of the lists below as well.

Two other players just beginning to make appearances in these charts are Brett Lawrie (now playing with the Chicago White Sox) and Michael Saunders (assuming a full recovery from the serious injury he suffered last year). 

The first three tables track long playing careers without reference to high batting averages or major achievements in run production. A player can rank near the top of the charts as a result of avoiding significant injuries or by being reliable fielders at important defensive positions. George (Moon) Gibson, Frank O’Rourke and Arthur Irwin are quintessential examples in this regard. Justin Morneau will need at least three more years as a regular to catch Larry Walker in any of these categories signifying lengthy playing time.

Russell Martin has a guaranteed contract with the Blue Jays through 2019 and will undoubtedly see more playing time after that, but catching does take a heavy toll on remaining in the lineup on an every-day basis. The best bet among the three is that Joey Votto will eventually emerge as the leading Canadian in terms of longevity. Brett Lawrie is at least three years away from cracking the top 15 in these categories and Michael Saunders will take even longer.

Career Leaders in Games Played

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 1988
2 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 1895
3 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 1531
4 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 1487
5 Jack Graney 1908-1922 1402
6 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 1383
7 Russell Martin 2006-2015 1292
8 George Wood 1880-1892 1280
9 Jason Bay 2003-2013 1278
10 George Gibson 1905-1918 1213
11 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 1131
12 Pop Smith 1880-1891 1112
13 Joey Votto 2007-2015 1110
14 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 1054
15 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 1038

Career Leaders in At-Bats

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 6907
2 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 5496
3 George Wood 1880-1892 5371
4 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 5204
5 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 4937
6 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 4855
7 Jack Graney 1908-1922 4705
8 Jason Bay 2003-2013 4505
9 Russell Martin 2006-2015 4441
10 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 4255
10 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 4255
12 Pop Smith 1880-1891 4238
13 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 4069
14 Joey Votto 2007-2015 3945
15 Arthur Irwin 1880-1894 3871

Career Leader in Total Plate Appearances

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 8030
2 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 6174
3 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 6024
4 George Wood 1880-1892 5821
5 Jack Graney 1908-1922 5576
6 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 5565
7 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 5479
8 Jason Bay 2003-2013 5258
9 Russell Martin 2006-2015 5147
10 Joey Votto 2007-2015 4757
11 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 4720
12 Pop Smith 1880-1891 4623
13 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 4606
14 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 4458
15 Arthur Irwin 1880-1894 4190
15 George Gibson 1905-1918 4190

The next three categories are the most important in terms of run production. Once again, Larry Walker (Canada’s most prolific batter, benefiting as well form playing at altitude in Colorado) is well ahead of the rest of the pack in runs scored, RBI and total bases. Even though Morneau now ranks second in RBI and total bases, he is unlikely to overhaul Walker in these batting categories before his playing days are over.

Again, Joey Votto has the best chance to be the eventual Canadian career leader in all three categories listed here. Nonetheless, he will need at least three full years before he passes Morneau (or George Wood in runs scored) even for second place. Russell Martin does have excellent career stats for a catcher. And will eventually place in the top five in some categories. Brett Lawrie should crack the top 15 in RBI within three seasons.

Career Leaders in Runs Scored

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 1355
2 George Wood 1880-1892 965
3 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 880
4 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 777
5 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 770
6 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 756
7 Jason Bay 2003-2013 737
8 Jack Graney 1908-1922 706
9 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 676
10 Joey Votto 2007-2015 656
11 Pop Smith 1880-1891 643
12 Russell Martin 2006-2015 626
13 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 562
14 Arthur Irwin 1880-1894 552
15 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 547

Career Leaders in Runs Batted In

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 1311
2 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 960
3 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 899
4 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 887
5 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 757
6 Jason Bay 2003-2013 754
7 Joey Votto 2007-2015 633
8 Russell Martin 2006-2015 617
9 George Wood 1880-1892 601
10 George Selkirk 1934-1942 576
11 Bill Phillips 1879*1888 534
12 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 506
13 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 435
14 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1922 430
15 Pete Ward 1962-1970 427

Career Leaders in Total Bases

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 3904
2 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 2652
3 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 2512
4 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 2481
5 Jason Bay 2003-2013 2166
6 George Wood 1880-1892 2163
7 Joey Votto 2007-2015 2106
8 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 1948
9 Terry Puhl 1977-1891 1885
10 Russell Martin 2006-2015 1799
11 Jack Graney 1908-1922 1609
12 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 1591
13 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 1557
14 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 1357
15 George Selkirk 1934-1942 1347

The next four tables present breakdowns of high career totals in base hits and in hitting for power (doubles, triples and home runs). Once again, second seeded Morneau is highly unlikely to catch Walker in any of these batting categories. He still needs more than 600 base hits, 130 doubles and 140 home runs to get even close. Eventually, Walker, Morneau and Votto will ultimately hold down the top three stops in hits, double and homers (likely seeing Votto, Walker and Morneau in that order eventually).

Russell Martin will reach the 200 career home run level in three years – a feat accomplished by only 17 other catchers in major league history. He has a chance to make the top ten in career homers among catchers (he needs to exceed 250 to get there). Brett Lawrie makes his first appearance on the Canadian leaders here moving up to 14th place in career home runs. Michael Saunders falls just short in this category, as he is still stuck at 16th place in HR with 51, having been blanked last year due to injuries.

It is interesting to note that none of our current batting stars will ever be a threat to move up the chart of leaders in career triples. This is a category in which no current major leaguer will ever crack the top ten. Indeed just one ball player in among the top 15 all-time saw any playing action since 1930. Among Canadians in our own list of top fifteen, only Walker and Terry Puhl had any playing time at all since 1990.

These speedsters also rank 1-2 in career stolen bases by a wide margin. The active career triple leaders through 2015 were: Morneau (22), Saunders and Votto (14 each), Lawrie (13) and Martin (with 9). Interestingly enough, Justin Morneau managed to leg out three triples last year in just 168 at bats – one fewer than his single season career high. 

Career Leaders in Base Hits

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 2160
2 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 1543
3 George Wood 1880-1892 1467
4 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 1447
5 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 1386
6 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 1366
7 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 1361
8 Joey Votto 2007-2015 1226
9 Jason Bay 2003-2013 1200
10 Jack Graney 1908-1922 1178
11 Russell Martin 2006-2015 1141
12 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 1130
13 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 1032
14 Pop Smith 1880-1891 941
15 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 936

Career Leaders in Doubles

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 471
2 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 335
3 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 294
4 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 279
5 Joey Votto 2007-2015 276
6 Jason Bay 2003-2013 240
7 George Wood 1880-1892 228
8 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 226
9 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 223
10 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 222
11 Jack Graney 1908-1922 219
12 Russell Martin 2006-2015 214
12 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 214
14 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 196
15 Mark Teahen 2005-2011 163

Career Leaders in Triples

1 George Wood 1880-1892 132
2 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 102
3 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 98
4 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 92
5 Pop Smith 1880-1891 87
6 Jack Graney 1908-1922 79
7 Larry Walker 1989-2005 62
8 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 56
9 George Gibson 1905-1918 49
10 Arthur Irwin 1880-1894 45
11 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 42
12 George Selkirk 1934-1942 41
13 Goody Rosen 1937-1946 34
13 Jimmy Archer 1904-1918 34
15 Spud Johnson 1889-1891 31

Career Leaders in Home Runs

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 383
2 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 265
3 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 241
4 Jason Bay 2003-2013 222
5 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 194
6 Joey Votto 2007-2015 192
7 Russell Martin 2006-2015 142
8 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 124
8 George Selkirk 1934-1942 108
10 Pete Ward 1962-1970 98
11 George Wood 1880-1892 68
12 Mark Teahen 2005-2011 67
13 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 62
14 Brett Lawrie 2011-2015 59
15 Kevin Reimer 1988-1993 52
15 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 52

The next six categories of batting statistics, while not as important as runs, RBI or home runs are still quite important in contributing to a team’s offensive production. Usually the league leader in singles denotes a player who makes bangs out a high number of hits without much power. This is obviously not the case with career leading Larry Walker here. His singles total is more a reflection of the fact that he played in a large number of games while posting a high batting average. With the exception of Morneau, Heath and Stairs (all power hitters), the rest of the top ten in singles are players from the 19th century or were “singles hitters”.

While Walker also leads in career walks, Joey Votto is closing fast and is almost sure to pass him early in 2017. If he can avoid any serious injuries in the future, Votto will likely finish in the top 15 in career bases on balls among all major leaguers. Through this stage of his career, Votto’s rate of walks per at bat is 0.1911. This ranks him 20th all-time among players who have accumulated at least 700 BB in their career.

This places him just behind Harmon Killebrew (0.1914) and just ahead of Lou Gehrig (0.1885) in this respect. In the last five seasons, when his walk totals have soared, Votto has managed a walk per at bat rate of 0.2281), a level exceeded by just six players in major league history. If you are curious, the top two in this regard are Ted Williams (0.2623) and Barry Bonds (0.2598). Votto also stands second (behind Walker) in career intentional bases on balls and could pass Walker this season. In fairness, Jeff Heath’s IBB are known for only about two-thirds of his career, while no information exists at all about the intentional walks accumulated by players from before 1940.

As indicated earlier, Walker and Terry Puhl are well ahead of their Canadian counterparts in career stolen bases. None of the active players will ever make much headway in moving near the top of this category unless Dalton Pompey catches on as a regular outfielder and displays his talents on the base paths over several productive seasons.

 It is noteworthy to observe that Martin is getting very close to being one of only a trio of catchers with more that had more than 100 HR and 100 SB in their careers. Right now, Carlton Fisk (376 HR and 128 SB) and Ivan Rodriguez (311 HR and 127 SB) are the only catchers who can make this claim. Russell Martin has also moved into second place on the list of batters being plunked by a pitch. Since he is averaging nearly 10 HBP per year in his last four seasons, he has a chance to eventually overtake Larry Walker in this category.

I have consolidated the statistical category of “sacrifices” into one category here. Sacrifice hits were not officially recorded before the 1894 season, so players like Tip O’Neill and Pop Smith do not register here at all. From 1894 until 1953, sacrifice flies were included in the general category of the “sacrifice hit” most years (although not in the period from 1931 to 1953).

 In some seasons, a SH was awarded to a batter that advanced a fellow base runner in any regard by making a fly ball out. You can see that the leaders her come primarily from the 1900 to 1930 era when SH figures were at an all-time high. In fact, we also have three pitchers making the top 15 in this batting category.

Career Leaders in Singles

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 1244
2 George Wood 1880-1892 1039
3 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 1020
4 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 1017
5 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 952
6 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 872
7 Jack Graney 1908-1922 862
8 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 801
9 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 794
10 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 779
11 Russell Martin 2006-2015 776
12 Joey Votto 2007-2015 744
13 Arthur Irwin 1880-1894 743
14 Jason Bay 2003-2013 708
15 Pop Smith 1880-1891 689

Career Leaders in Bases on Balls

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 913
2 Joey Votto 2007-2015 754
3 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 717
4 Jack Graney 1908-1922 712
5 Jason Bay 2003-2013 636
6 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 593
7 Russell Martin 2006-2015 592
8 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 561
9 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 505
10 George Selkirk 1934-1942 486
11 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 458
12 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 421
13 George Wood 1880-1892 418
14 Pete Ward 1962-1970 371
15 Pop Smith 1880-1891 325

Career Leaders in Intentional Bases on Balls

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 117
2 Joey Votto 2007-2015 97
3 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 91
4 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 59
5 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 49
6 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 45
7 Russell Martin 2006-2015 42
8 Pete Ward 1962-1970 41
9 Jeff Heath 1940-1949 40
10 Jason Bay 2003-2013 38

Career Leaders in Stolen Bases

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 230
2 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 217
3 Pop Smith 1880-1891 169
4 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 161
5 Jack Graney 1908-1922 148
6 George Wood 1880-1892 113
7 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 101
8 Russell Martin 2006-2015 97
9 Jason Bay 2003-2013 95
9 Spud Johnson 1889-1891 93
11 Arthur Irwin 1880-1894 93
12 Jimmy Knowles 1884-1892 83
13 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 71
14 Doc Miller 1910-1914 64
15 Joey Votto 2007-2015 59

Career Leaders in Hit by a Pitch

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 138
2 Russell Martin 2006-2015 75
3 Pop Smith 1880-1891 60
4 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 57
4 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 56
6 Jason Bay 2003-2013 56
7 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 53
8 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 45
9 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 44
10 Pete Ward 1962-1970 40
10 Jack Graney 1908-1922 40
12 John O’Brien 1891-1899 35
13 Joey Votto 2007-2015 34
14 George Wood 1880-1892 32
15 Spud Johnson 1889-1891 30

Career Leaders in Sacrifices

1 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 170
2 Jack Graney 1908-1922 119
3 George Gibson 1905-1918 102
4 Jimmy Archer 1904-1918 93
4 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 93
6 Ryan Dempster 1998-2012 85
7 Ferguson Jenkins 1965-1983 73
8 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 72
8 Larry Walker 1989-2005 72
10 Jason Bay 2003-2013 61
11 Jeff Francis 2004-2015 57
12 Dave McKay 1975-1982 55
13 Reno Bertoia 1953-1962 54
14 Doc Miller 1910-1914 47
15 Matt Stairs 1992-2012 45

Next, we have four tables showing the best career performances in the percentage categories. The category of OPS (on-base average plus slugging percentage) is considered to be just about the best indicator of batting prowess used to rank ball players today, although the likes of Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth and Ted Williams would be quite mystified by this acronym. 

These categories are such that a player can easily move up or down on the list as his career progresses. Generally a batter’s best years are in the middle portion of his playing career, while his averages tend to diminish in his last few seasons in the big leagues, especially for big name players who are able to hold down a roster spot when they are well past their prime.

It is hard to imagine that Tip O’Neill will be ousted for the top career batting average in the foreseeable future. Votto may well drop several batting points before he hangs up his spikes for good. Morneau and Martin are also quite likely to drop a few places on the four lists shown here before they are finished. Brett Lawrie is capable of moving up somewhat over time. I would expect his power numbers to only improve in the next five years.

A few Canadians rank quite highly among all major league players in some categories here. Larry Walker finished his career placing twelfth all-time in slugging percentage, 54th in OBA and 15th in OPS. Votto currently ranks 18th in career OPS (second among all active players only to Albert Pujols) and a highly respectable career 14th in OBA (well ahead of the next active player on the list, Miguel Cabrera at .399). George Selkirk holds down the all-time 56th rank in career OBA (mere decimal places ahead of Cabrera (.3998 to .3992). George Selkirk and Jeff Heath make the all-time top 100 on the list of career OPS, holding down the 84th and 94th spots respectively.

Career Leaders in Batting Average

1 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 .326
2 Larry Walker 1989-2005 .313
3 Joey Votto 2007-2015 .311
4 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 .293
5 Goody Rosen 1937-1946 .291
6 George Selkirk 1934-1942 .290
7 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 .282
8 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 .280
9 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 .275
10 George Wood 1880-1892 .273
11 Jason Bay 2003-2013 .266
12 Bill Phillips 1879-1888 .266
13 Mark Teahen 2005-2011 .264
14 Brett Lawrie 2011-2015 .263
15 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 .262

Career Leaders in Slugging Percentage

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 .565
2 Joey Votto 2007-2015 .534
3 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 .509
4 George Selkirk 1934-1942 .483
5 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 .483
6 Jason Bay 2003-2013 .481
7 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 .477
8 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 .458
9 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 .458
10 Brett Lawrie 2011-2015 .420
11 Mark Teahen 2005-2011 .409
12 Pete Ward 1962-1970 .405
13 Russell Martin 2006-2015 .404
14 George Wood 1880-1892 .403
15 Goody Rosen 1937-1946 .398

Career Leaders in On-Base Average

1 Joey Votto 2007-2015 .423
2 Larry Walker 1989-2005 .400
3 George Selkirk 1934-1942 .400
4 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 .392
5 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 .371
6 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 .367
7 Goody Rosen 1937-1946 .364
8 Jason Bay 2003-2013 .360
9 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 .356
10 Jack Graney 1908-1922 .354
11 Russell Martin 2006-2015 .352
12 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 .349
13 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 .349
14 Pete Ward 1962-1970 .339
15 George Wood 1880-1892 .329

Career Leaders in OPS

1 Larry Walker 1989-2005 .965
2 Joey Votto 2007-2015 .957
3 George Selkirk 1934-1942 .883
4 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 .879
5 Tip O'Neill 1883-1892 .850
6 Jason Bay 2003-2013 .841
7 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 .832
8 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 .832
9 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 .825
10 Goody Rosen 1937-1946 .762
11 Russell Martin 2006-2015 .757
12 Pete Ward 1962-1970 .744
13 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 .737
14 Mark Teahen 2005-2011 .736
15 Brett Lawrie 2011-2015 .736

The final two batting categories shown here might well be ones that a player would not want his name shown on, as they actually represent negative contributions. Still, they are probably more indicative of a long playing career rather than a futile batting performance. Russell Martin (having passed Walker last year for the top spot among Canadians), Morneau and Votto all rank in the top five in the category of grounded into double plays.

 It must be noted that this batting category was first officially record only in 1933 in the National league and in 1939 in the American League. Jeff Heath would rank somewhat higher if his full career totals were known, while the likes of Tip O’Neill, Bill Phillips and Jack Graney do not appear at all here. Since Martin has been slowing down as his career evolves over time, it is quite likely that he will continue to hold the top spot in GIDP for decades to come.

In the same manner, the number of times a base runner was caught stealing was recorded in only a haphazard fashion before 1951. Data does exist for several decades for American League players before this date but only for about ten years for National Leagues seasons before 1951. Jack Graney would likely have had more instances of being caught stealing than Terry Puhl had if his full career totals were known. Michael Saunders (now with 20 career CS) will soon crack the top ten here as well.

Career Leaders in Grounding into Double Plays

1 Russell Martin 2006-2015 157
2 Larry Walker 1989-2005 153
3 Justin Morneau 2003-2015 133
4 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 109
5 Joey Votto 2007-2015 85
6 Jason Bay 2003-2013 83
7 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 75
8 Mark Teahen 2005-2011 69
9 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 59
9 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 59

Career Leaders in Caught Stealing

1 Terry Puhl 1977-1991 99
2 Larry Walker 1989-2005 76
3 Frank O'Rourke 1912-1931 59
4 Jack Graney 1908-1922 49
4 Jeff Heath 1936-1949 48
6 Russell Martin 2006-2015 45
7 Corey Koskie 1998-2006 36
8 George Selkirk 1934-1942 32
9 Joey Votto 2007-2015 27
10 Matt Stairs 1992-2011 24

There you have it – the all-time Canadian batting leaders and those who will move up significantly on these lists over the next few years. It will be interesting to review the progress (or lack of it) from Votto, Martin and Morneau this time next year.

Comment

Neil Munro

Neil is a retired secondary school mathematics teacher with a life-long passion for the collection and analysis of baseball statistics. A North Bay Ontario resident for almost 50 years, Neil has fuelled his interest by serving as a research consultant with STATS Inc. He was the former chair of the Records Committee of SABR – the Society for American Baseball Research. Neil assisted in the development of the complete statistical database of baseball records that is used by a number of pro and media organizations and formed the basis for the STATS Inc. All-time Major League Handbook. He has contributed innumerable essays and columns to a variety of publications including; the Bill James Baseball Abstract, Grandstand Baseball Annual and Innings, and Canada’s Baseball Newspaper. Neil’s special interest continues to be the maintenance of the records compiled by Canadians in the major league. In 1996, he authored the Canadian Players Encyclopedia, a full statistical record of all current and former major leaguers from Canada.